Cayo is the largest district of Belize spanning over 2,000 square miles across diverse terrain, from lush river valleys and rugged mountains to rolling hills and sweeping farmland devoted to citrus orchards.
Over 60% of the region has been designated to either a wildlife sanctuary, national park or forest reserve. This region offers a wide variety of experiences to choose from, including canoe tours down the Macal River, and an exploratory dip in the Rio Frio and its natural swimming pools.
Famous archaeological sites here include the Mayan ruins of Xuantunich and Caracol. The latter a partially overgrown testament to the vast amount of people — more than populate all of Belize today — who lived here during the 8th century and Belize’s largest archaeological site.
One of the highlights of this part of the country is the Actun Tunichil Muknal Cave or ATM Cave. This spans both archaeology and activity as it is an important Mayan site and contains some relics including an impressively well-preserved skeleton. Visitors explore the cave with a guide, taking around three hours in total and with a mix of swimming, scrambling and climbing. It is a must-see on any trip to Belize and a fun and exhilarating way to learn about the culture and history.